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Battus philenor


Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Lepidoptera
Family Papilionidae
Genus Battus
Species philenor

Cuticular structures

Scales Yes
Setae No
Other No
Diffraction grating Yes
Multilayer reflector No
3D Photonic crystals No
Other No

Image Set 1

Date added 30 Nov 2016
Submitter V.L. Wong
Institution VTEC
Organism Sex Male
SCAN Entry link

Camera Settings

Camera model Canon EOS 6D
Flash temperature 6000K
Additional -

Habitus View
TIF file (59.9 MB TIF)
Raw file (20.7 MB CR2)

Color patch 1

Color patch location Color patch closeup
TIF file (n/a) TIF file (59.9 MB TIF)
Raw file (n/a) Raw file (23.3 MB CR2)

SEM Low-Magnification SEM High-Magnification structure 1
TIF file (31 MB TIF)
Battus philenor has two distinct scale structures
TIF file (31 MB TIF)
d ≈ 2.5 μm

SEM High-Magnification structure 2
TIF file (31 MB TIF)
d ≈ 2.5 μm

Spectral data (6mm, 0°, 180°)* Photograph (~4cm, 0°, 180°)*
Raw data (30 KB TXT) TIF file (59.9 MB TIF)
Raw file (23 MB CR2)

Spectral data (6mm, 0°, 135°)* Photograph (~4cm, 0°, 135°)*
Raw data (52 KB TXT) TIF file (59.9 MB TIF)
Raw file (20.8 MB CR2)


Ghiradella, H. (1985). Structure and development of iridescent lepidopteran scales: the Papilionidae as a showcase family. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 78(2), 252-264. DOI: 10.1093/aesa/78.2.252

Rutowski, R. L., & Rajyaguru, P. K. (2013). Male-specific iridescent coloration in the pipevine swallowtail (Battus philenor) is used in mate choice by females but not sexual discrimination by males. Journal of insect behavior, 26(2), 200-211. DOI: 10.1007/s10905-012-9348-2

Rutowski, R. L., Nahm, A. C., & Macedonia, J. M. (2010). Iridescent hindwing patches in the Pipevine Swallowtail: differences in dorsal and ventral surfaces relate to signal function and context. Functional Ecology, 24(4), 767-775. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2435.2010.01693.x

Stavenga, D. G., Leertouwer, H. L., & Wilts, B. D. (2014). The colouration toolkit of the Pipevine Swallowtail butterfly, Battus philenor: thin films, papiliochromes, and melanin. Journal of Comparative Physiology A, 200(6), 547-561. DOI: 10.1007/s00359-014-0901-7

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